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Watershed Restoration Resources and Fact Sheets

Fact Sheets

A white-tailed deer buck in a meadow.

Stopping Buck Rub: Think Twice Before Removing Tree Shelters: Updated guidelines for tree shelter removal based on Stroud Water Research Center field trials.

A tree shelter with a circle of gravel at the base.

Using Stone Mulch to Protect Sheltered Trees From Rodents: Learn how to prep, apply, and maintain stone mulch as an alternative to herbicide for rodent control around young trees.

Mile-a-minute vine overwhelming a tree shelter.

Controlling Weeds, Grasses, and Vines Inside Tree Shelters: Our trials of hand-weeding versus using pre-emergence herbicides inside tree shelters have shown both methods to be effective, with costs being less for the herbicide option.

Flats of native tree and shrub seedlings ready for planting.

Recommended Riparian Trees and Shrubs for the Mid-Atlantic Region: See the more than two dozen species of native trees and shrubs we recommend for successful buffers.

Small flags marking where trees and shrubs will be planted to make a riparian forested buffer.

Growing Healthy Streamside Forests: Read Stroud Center guidance for riparian buffer planning, planting, and maintenance.

A boy carries a tree tube used to shelter a native tree in a streamside forest planting.

Streamside Forests: The Natural, Cost-Effective Solution for Clean Water: Every tree we plant plays a vital role by providing a natural buffer zone between our land use and the stream it protects.

Landowner Guide to Success

Landowner Guide to Buffer Success: Download a comprehensive list of seasonal activities that are the steps for buffer success throughout the year.


How-To Videos


Helpful Websites

Pennsylvania Soil Health Coalition logo
Helping landowners and tenants build agreements that enrich soil and protect natural resources.

Watershed Restoration Publications

Visit the Watershed Restoration Publications page to see frequently-requested publications by Stroud Water Research Center scientists and other organizations and individuals.


Additional Resources

A man and woman standing among rows of tree shelters in a newly planted riparian buffer.

Why Tree Shelters Are Important
Learn the benefits of shelters, which types are best, and how adding nets protects against bird and tree mortality.

Steve Groff in a field cover cropped with hairy vetch.

Tips for Cover Cropping Success
Read a series of cover cropping articles written by Steve Groff, a cover crop researcher and owner of Cover Crop Coaching.

Bern Sweeney standing in a newly planted riparian forest buffer.

How Many Trees Does It Take to Protect a Stream?
Understand how the Stroud Center determined the minimum riparian buffer width needed to protect and restore clean fresh water.

In Support of Streamside Forests: Understanding the Challenges and Becoming Part of the Solution
Streams provide much more than places for recreation; they provide habitat for plants and animals — and the drinking water for many of us.

Where Rivers Are Born: The Scientific Imperative for Defending Small Streams and Wetlands

Where Rivers are Born: the Scientific Imperative for Defending Small Streams and Wetlands
Read a summary of the scientific basis for understanding that the health and productivity of rivers and lakes depends upon intact small streams and wetlands.