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Deciphering the diversity and distribution of chromophytic phytoplankton in the Bohai Sea and the Yellow Sea via RuBisCO genes (rbcL)

350 210 Stroud Water Research Center

Pujariabe, L., J. Kan, Y. Xin, G. Zhang, M.A. Noman, S. Nilajkar, and J. Sun. 2022. Marine Pollution Bulletin 184, early online access.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2022.114193

Abstract

Present study investigated composition and distribution of chromophytic phytoplankton in the Bohai Sea (BS) and the Yellow Sea (YS) by using rbcL genes. Bacillariophyceae, Haptophyceae and Pelagophyceae were the most abundant phytoplankton groups. Distinct phytoplankton communities were observed in the BS and the YS: offshore stations were dominated by bloom forming genera Thalassiosira and Skeletonema, while brown tide-forming species including Chrysochromulina spp. and Aureococcus anophagefferens were commonly found in the nearshore areas. Redundancy analysis showed that phosphate, temperature and silicic acid play key roles in structuring chromophytic phytoplankton, such as phytoplankton at nearshore stations were affected by nutrient runoff from adjacent rivers (Yellow River). Anthropogenic activities in the Bohai Sea and seasonal circulation of ocean currents may also contribute to shaping chromophytic phytoplankton communities. This study provides data support and foundational observations of chromophytic phytoplankton in the BS and the YS, and their responses to environmental gradients and human activities.